Bill Clay Sr.

Bill Clay Sr.

William (Bill) Clay Sr.’s life of service centered on providing a helping hand to those who need it the most. 

The first black representative from Missouri, he served in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1969-2001. His tenure was longer than any other former black member of the house. 

Clay started as a civil rights activist and labor union representative in St. Louis and promoted bills that helped minorities and U.S. workers. 

Clay promoted the Family and Medical Leave Act, which mandated that companies with at least 50 workers offer up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave for employees to care for a newborn or attend a family medical emergency. 

Meanwhile, Clay worked for almost 20 years to revise the Hatch Act of 1939. President Bill Clinton signed the bill into law at a White House ceremony in 1993. It allowed government employees to publicly endorse candidates and organize political fundraisers, among other actions. 

Clay was a member of the Education and Labor Committee. He oversaw bills that raised the federal minimum wage. He also: 

  • Advocated for smaller K-12 class sizes  
  • Increased the number of college grants for disadvantaged students 
  • Boosted federal funding for historically black colleges and universities 

“If America is to be prosperous and stay competitive, we must continue to improve educational opportunities for students of all ages,” he said. 

Clay was one of 13 founding members of the Congressional Black Caucus, which provided a formal network for black members to focus on legislative issues that affected black citizens. That group also advocated for civil rights issues overseas. 

Clay retired at the end of the 106th Congress (1999-2001). His district elected his son, William Lacy Clay Jr., to that seat. The Clays were the second black father-and-son duo to ever serve in Congress.